《計算機應用研究》|Application Research of Computers

車聯網仿真測試評價技術研究綜述

Survey on simulation testing and evaluation of Internet of vehicles

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作者 王潤民,鄧曉峰,徐志剛,趙祥模
機構 長安大學 車聯網教育部—中國移動聯合實驗室,西安 710064
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文章編號 1001-3695(2019)07-001-1921-06
DOI 10.19734/j.issn.1001-3695.2018.05.0260
摘要 車聯網的大規模部署及其在智能網聯汽車領域的廣泛應用前需要對其性能及功能進行全面、深入的測試評價,其中通過仿真技術對其進行評價分析是當前的主流測試評價手段。從車聯網研究及應用過程中的測試評價需求出發,總結了主流的網絡仿真器和交通仿真器,對現有車聯網仿真平臺進行了分類,研究并對比分析了典型的車聯網仿真平臺;針對車聯網的應用特性,研究并歸納了影響車聯網仿真性能的車輛移動模型、信道傳播模型及駕駛員行為等;從網絡仿真指標、車聯網應用相關指標歸納了車聯網功能及性能測試的典型評價指標;最后探討了車聯網仿真測試的發展方向。
關鍵詞 智能網聯汽車; 車聯網; 測試評價; 交通仿真; 網絡仿真; 評價指標
基金項目 國家重點研發計劃資助項目(2018YFB0105104)
國家自然科學基金資助項目(61703053)
高等學校學科創新引智計劃資助項目(B104043)
國家教育部聯合實驗室建設項目(教技司(2016)477號)
中央高校基本科研業務費專項資金資助項目(300102248105,300102248504)
本文URL http://www.oirznw.live/article/01-2019-07-001.html
英文標題 Survey on simulation testing and evaluation of Internet of vehicles
作者英文名 Wang Runmin, Deng Xiaofeng, Xu Zhigang, Zhao Xiangmo
機構英文名 Joint Laboratory for Internet of Vehicles of Ministry of Education & China Mobile Communications Corporation,Chang'an University,Xi'an 710064,China
英文摘要 Large-scale deployment of IoV and its extensive application in the field of intelligent connected vehicle require comprehensive and in-depth testing and evaluation of their performance and functionality. However, testing and evaluation in real environments presents high cost and difficult problems. Therefore, simulation has currently become a mainstream testing tool. This paper first summarized the mainstream network simulators and traffic simulators, classified the existing IoV simulation platforms, studied and comparatively analyzed typical IoV platforms, and then summarized vehicle mobility models, channel propagation models and driver behaviors that affect the simulation performance of IoV based on the application characteristics. It summarized the typical metrics of the functions and performance tests of IoV form the network simulation indicators and relevant indicators for the application of IoV. Finally, it discussed the developing trend of the simulation test of IoVs.
英文關鍵詞 Intelligent and connected vehicles; Internet of vehicles(IoV); testing and evaluation; traffic simulation; network simulation; metrics
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收稿日期 2018/5/2
修回日期 2018/6/15
頁碼 1921-1926,1939
中圖分類號 TP391.9
文獻標志碼 A
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